Biogas actively participates in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through the registration granted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) through the Kyoto Protocol which establishes the norms of the Clean Development Mechanism.
The Kyoto Protocol is a legally binding instrument adopted by the UNFCCC on December 11th of 1997 and it was ratified in December of 2012. The protocol establishes goals for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions that are mandatory for developed countries and for those with economies in transition that have ratified it.
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is a procedure contemplated in the Kyoto Protocol where developed countries can finance mitigation projects for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions within developing countries and receive, in return, Certificates of Reduction of Emissions (CERs) equivalent to the amount of carbon dioxide that is left to emit into the atmosphere as a result of the implementation of the project. CERs acquired by developed countries are applicable to comply with their own commitment to reduce emissions.
Biogas has managed to mitigate close to 1,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (tCO2e) which, in the absence of the project, would have emanated from the atmosphere aggravating the effect of global warming.
Since Mexico has been cataloged as a developing country by the UNFCCC, the doors have been opened for the private finance initiative, together with the local governments, to implement projects under the Clean Development Mechanism scheme to participate and receive the economic benefits of the market for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
In a period of 6 years from June of 2011 to December of 2017, Biogas has displaced more than 150 Gigawatt hours from fossil sources. The same amount of energy has been replaced by electrical energy from renewable sources.